Revived Past. Museum-Laboratory of Anthropological Reconstruction

The material was received by the Editorial Board: 2014-11-20

The article tells about the modern state of M. M. Gerasimov's Museum-laboratory that is one of the most important objects of national property. The authors, emphasizing the prominent role of the founder of the method of a face restoration from the skull, show the latest achievements in the field of anthropological reconstruction. A set of data of the thickness of facial covers of diflerent ethnic group members and accumulated information about interdependence of facial elements and underlaying skull structures made it possible to create the programme of craniofacial compliance that defines more exactly the process of reconstruction of the intravital appearance on the basis of the skull (Veselovskaya, Baluev, 2012; Veselovskaya, 2015). The main attention is paid to the description of a unique collection numbering more than 300 sculptural portraits made on the basis of the skulls of ancient people and historic persons. The exposition includes 5 sections: origin of man; people of the Stone age; nomads from Eurasian steppes; Slavs and their neighbours and historic persons. A visual range of the Laboratory's new works is exhibited. The potentialities of anthropological reconstruction for solving applied and theoretical scientific problems are shown by the specific example of some projects.

Keywords: anthropological reconstruction, sketch, craniofacial compliance, anthropometry and anthroposcopy of face and skull, archaeological culture.

Revived Past. Museum-Laboratory of Anthropological Reconstruction
References: Elizaveta V. Veselovskaya, Sergey V. Vasilyev Revived Past. Museum-Laboratory of Anthropological Reconstruction. Universum Humanitarium (En). 1, #1. С. 6–13.