Zaktui Site: The Problem of Cultural Complexes Verification on the Basis of Spatial Analysis
The topicality of this research is due to the problem of cultural and chronological determination of archaeological complexes in connection with large-scale territory work in the areas of new building construction works. This revealed a necessity to develop modern archaeological field-work techniques. The goal of the article is to present the results of spatial analysis obtained as a result of the area exavation of Zaktui site (Tunkinskaya Valley, South Baikal Region). During the site’s investigation in 2016 there were two cultural complexes revealed, ascribed to the Holocene epoch, as well as some single artefacts in Pleistocene deposits. The excavation of a 1850 m2 area has determined the boundaries of spreading in different cultural complexes of different time periods, the traits of spatial analysis of structures’ and archeological material distribution. The core techniques described in the article are spatial analysis, three-dimensional model construction as its tool and typological identification of artefacts, as a method of cultural and chronological identification.
Keywords: spatial analysis, structure, cultural complex, 3-D model, formalization, typology, Tunkinskaya Valley.